Evaluating Global and Temporal Trends in Pancreas and Islet Cell Transplantation: Public Awareness and Engagement

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Clin Pract


BACKGROUND: Pancreas transplantation is a crucial surgical intervention for managing diabetes, but it faces challenges such as its invasive nature, stringent patient selection criteria, organ scarcity, and centralized expertise. Despite the steadily increasing number of pancreas transplants in the United States, there is a need to understand global trends in interest to increase awareness of and participation in pancreas and islet cell transplantation.

METHODS: We analyzed Google Search trends for "Pancreas Transplantation" and "Islet Cell Transplantation" from 2004 to 14 November 2023, assessing variations in search interest over time and across geographical locations. The Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test was used to determine the stationarity of the trends (p < 0.05).

RESULTS: Search interest for "Pancreas Transplantation" varied from its 2004 baseline, with a general decline in peak interest over time. The lowest interest was in December 2010, with a slight increase by November 2023. Ecuador, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia showed the highest search interest. "Islet Cell Transplantation" had its lowest interest in December 2016 and a more pronounced decline over time, with Poland, China, and South Korea having the highest search volumes. In the U.S., "Pancreas Transplantation" ranked 4th in interest, while "Islet Cell Transplantation" ranked 11th. The ADF test confirmed the stationarity of the search trends for both procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: "Pancreas Transplantation" and "Islet Cell Transplantation" showed initial peaks in search interest followed by a general downtrend. The stationary search trends suggest a lack of significant fluctuations or cyclical variations. These findings highlight the need for enhanced educational initiatives to increase the understanding and awareness of these critical transplant procedures among the public and professionals.

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