Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a significant complication after kidney transplantation. We examined the ability of RG7667, a combination of two monoclonal antibodies, to prevent CMV infection in high-risk kidney transplant recipients in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. CMV-seronegative recipients of a kidney transplant from a CMV-seropositive donor (D+R-) were randomized to receive RG7667 (n = 60) or placebo (n = 60) at the time of transplant and 1, 4, and 8 weeks posttransplant. Patients were monitored for CMV viremia every 1 to 2 weeks posttransplant for 24 weeks. Patients who had seroconverted (D+R+) or withdrawn before dosing were excluded from the analysis (n = 4). CMV viremia occurred in 27 of 59 (45.8%) patients receiving RG7667 and 35 of 57 (61.4%) patients receiving placebo (stratum-adjusted difference, 15.3%; P = 0.100) within 12 weeks posttransplant and in 30 of 59 (50.8%) patients receiving RG7667 and 40 of 57 (70.2%) patients receiving placebo (stratum-adjusted difference, 19.3%; P = 0.040) within 24 weeks posttransplant. Median time to CMV viremia was 139 days in patients receiving RG7667 compared to 46 days in patients receiving placebo (hazard ratio, 0.53; P = 0.009). CMV disease was less common in the RG7667 than placebo group (3.4% versus 15.8%; P = 0.030). Adverse events were generally balanced between treatment groups. In high-risk kidney transplant recipients, RG7667 was well tolerated, numerically reduced the incidence of CMV infection within 12 and 24 weeks posttransplant, delayed time to CMV viremia, and was associated with less CMV disease than the placebo. (This study has been registered at under registration no. NCT01753167.).

Medical Subject Headings

Antibodies, Monoclonal; Cytomegalovirus Infections; Female; Humans; Kidney Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Placebos; Treatment Outcome; Viremia

PubMed ID








To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.