Artificial Intelligence in Neurocritical Care
Al-Mufti F, Dodson V, Lee J, Wajswol E, Gandhi C, Scurlock C, Cole C, Lee K, and Mayer SA. Artificial Intelligence in Neurocritical Care. J Neurol Sci 2019; 404:1-4.
Journal of the neurological sciences
BACKGROUND: Neurocritical care combines the management of extremely complex disease states with the inherent limitations of clinically assessing patients with brain injury. As the management of neurocritical care patients can be immensely complicated, the automation of data-collection and basic management by artificial intelligence systems have garnered interest.
METHODS: In this opinion article, we highlight the potential artificial intelligence has in monitoring and managing several aspects of neurocritical care, specifically intracranial pressure, seizure monitoring, blood pressure, and ventilation.
RESULTS: The two major AI methods of analytical technique currently exist for analyzing critical care data: the model-based method and data driven method. Both of these methods have demonstrated an ability to analyze vast quantities of patient data, and we highlight the ways in which these modalities of artificial intelligence might one day play a role in neurocritical care.
CONCLUSIONS: While none of these artificial intelligence systems are meant to replace the clinician's judgment, these systems have the potential to reduce healthcare costs and errors or delays in medical management.