White matter injury induced by diabetes in acute stroke is clinically relevant: A preliminary study

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Diab Vasc Dis Res


The importance of white matter injury induced by diabetes in stroke severity and prognosis is largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the relationship between diabetes-related white matter injury beyond stroke lesions with acute neurological deficits and clinical outcome after stroke. In total, 36 stroke patients within 3-7 days after onset were enrolled. Neurological deficits on admission were assessed by National Institute of Health Stroke Score, and poor outcome at 3 months was defined as modified Rankin score >2. White matter tracts were compared between patients with diabetic and non-diabetic stroke using fractional anisotropy from diffusion tensor imaging. Regional white matter abnormality with decreased fractional anisotropy was observed in diabetic patients (n = 18) when compared to non-diabetic patients (n = 18). Decreased fractional anisotropy in ipsilesional distal corticospinal tract was independently associated with higher National Institute of Health Stroke Score motor component score (β = -0.444, p = 0.005), and decreased fractional anisotropy in contralesional superior longitudinal fasciculus I was independently related to poor outcome (odds ratio, 0.900; p = 0.033). Our findings suggested that only white matter injury induced by diabetes in specific tracts like corticospinal tract and superior longitudinal fasciculus beyond stroke lesions has clinically relevant, providing insight into the mechanism of stroke recovery under the diabetic condition.

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Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Chi-Square Distribution; Diabetes Complications; Diffusion Tensor Imaging; Disability Evaluation; Female; Humans; Leukoencephalopathies; Logistic Models; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Motor Activity; Multivariate Analysis; Neurologic Examination; Odds Ratio; Prognosis; Recovery of Function; Risk Factors; Severity of Illness Index; Stroke; Time Factors

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