A randomized trial of inhaled levodopa (CVT-301) for motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease
LeWitt PA, Hauser RA, Grosset DG, Stocchi F, Saint-Hilaire MH, Ellenbogen A, Leinonen M, Hampson NB, DeFeo-Fraulini T, Freed MI, and Kieburtz KD. A randomized trial of inhaled levodopa (CVT-301) for motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord 2016; 31(9):1356-1365.
BACKGROUND: Although levodopa is the most effective oral PD therapy, many patients experience motor fluctuations, including sudden loss of dose effect and delayed benefit. CVT-301 is a levodopa inhalation powder with the potential for rapid onset of action. The objective of this study was to evaluate CVT-301 self-administered by PD patients to relieve OFF episodes.
METHODS: PD patients with ≥2 hours per day of OFF time despite oral levodopa ≥4 times per day were randomized to CVT-301 or placebo for 4 weeks, to be used up to 3 times per day for OFF episodes. After 2 weeks, the study-drug dose was escalated from 35 to 50 mg. The primary end point was mean change in UPDRS Part III score from a predose OFF state to the average of postdose scores obtained at 10, 20, 30, and 60 minutes, as assessed in-clinic at the end of week 4. Home diaries were recorded.
RESULTS: Eighty-six patients used the study drug at an average frequency of 2.1 times per day for CVT-301 and for placebo. At 4 weeks, least-squares mean change in UPDRS Part III score favored CVT-301 by 7.0 points (P < 0.001). A treatment effect was evident at 10 minutes. At 4 weeks, least-squares mean OFF-time change from baseline favored CVT-301 by 0.9 hours per day (P = 0.045). The most frequently reported adverse events in the CVT-301 group were dizziness, cough, and nausea, each in 7% (3 of 43 patients).
CONCLUSIONS: CVT-301 self-administered during OFF episodes provided rapid improvement of motor function, and daily OFF time was significantly reduced at the higher dose. CVT-301 was generally safe and well-tolerated. © 2016 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
Medical Subject Headings
Administration, Inhalation; Aged; Dopamine Agents; Female; Humans; Levodopa; Male; Middle Aged; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Parkinson Disease