Longitudinal study of the substantia nigra in Parkinson disease: A high-field (1) H-MR spectroscopy imaging study.
Seraji-Bozorgzad N, Bao F, George E, Krstevska S, Gorden V, Chorostecki J, Santiago C, Zak I, Caon C, and Khan O. Longitudinal study of the substantia nigra in Parkinson disease: A high-field H-MR spectroscopy imaging study. Mov Disord 2015; 30(10)1400-1404.
INTRODUCTION: The value of biomarkers in early diagnosis and development of therapeutics in Parkinson's disease (PD) is well established.
METHODS: We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in a prospective, longitudinal study of 23 patients with early PD, naïve to dopaminergic therapy, and six age-matched healthy controls to examine the temporal changes in metabolic profile of substantia nigra over a period of 3 months.
RESULTS: N-acetyl aspartate to creatine ratio at month 3 was compared with baseline values in the PD and control groups, as well as the side-to-side difference of the ratio at baseline. By month 3, n-acetyl aspartate to creatine ratio had decreased by 4.4% in patients with PD (P = 0.024), without a concomitant change in healthy controls. The side-to-side asymmetry was significantly higher in the PD group (16.7%) vs. healthy controls (1.6%, P = 0.0024).
CONCLUSION: Estimation of change in the n-acetyl aspartate to creatine ratio appears to be a fast, quantifiable, and reliable marker of dopaminergic neuronal viability in PD.
Medical Subject Headings
Aged; Aspartic Acid; Biomarkers; Creatine; Female; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Middle Aged; Parkinson Disease; Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Substantia Nigra