Untargeted Plasma Metabolomics Identifies Endogenous Metabolite with Drug-like Properties in Chronic Animal Model of Multiple Sclerosis
Poisson LM, Suhail H, Singh J, Datta I, Denic A, Labuzek K, Hoda MN, Shankar A, Kumar A, Cerghet M, Elias S, Mohney RP, Rodriguez M, Rattan R, Mangalam AK, and Giri S. Untargeted plasma metabolomics identifies endogenous metabolite with drug-like properties in chronic animal model of multiple sclerosis. J Biol Chem 2015; 290(52):30697-30712.
The Journal of biological chemistry
We performed untargeted metabolomics in plasma of B6 mice with experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE) at the chronic phase of the disease in search of an altered metabolic pathway(s). Of 324 metabolites measured, 100 metabolites that mapped to various pathways (mainly lipids) linked to mitochondrial function, inflammation, and membrane stability were observed to be significantly altered between EAE and control (p < 0.05, false discovery rate <0.10). Bioinformatics analysis revealed six metabolic pathways being impacted and altered in EAE, including α-linolenic acid and linoleic acid metabolism (PUFA). The metabolites of PUFAs, including ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids, are commonly decreased in mouse models of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in patients with MS. Daily oral administration of resolvin D1, a downstream metabolite of ω-3, decreased disease progression by suppressing autoreactive T cells and inducing an M2 phenotype of monocytes/macrophages and resident brain microglial cells. This study provides a proof of principle for the application of metabolomics to identify an endogenous metabolite(s) possessing drug-like properties, which is assessed for therapy in preclinical mouse models of MS.
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; Female; Humans; Metabolic Networks and Pathways; Metabolomics; Mice; Multiple Sclerosis; Plasma