Thrombectomy in DAWN- and DEFUSE-3-Ineligible Patients: A Subgroup Analysis From the BEST Prospective Cohort Study

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BACKGROUND: Because of the overwhelming benefit of thrombectomy for highly selected trial patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO), some trial-ineligible patients are being treated in practice.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of thrombectomy in DAWN/DEFUSE-3-ineligible patients.

METHODS: Using a multicenter prospective observational study of consecutive patients with anterior circulation LVO who underwent late thrombectomy, we compared symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and good outcome (90-d mRS 0-2) among DAWN/DEFUSE-3-ineligible patients to trial-eligible patients and to untreated DAWN/DEFUSE-3 controls.

RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients had perfusion imaging and underwent thrombectomy >6 h; 46 (47%) were trial ineligible (41% M2 occlusions, 39% mild deficits, 28% ASPECTS <6 had poorer outcomes (aOR 0.14, 95% CI 0.05-0.44) and more sICH (aOR 24, 95% CI 5.7-103). Compared to untreated DAWN/DEFUSE-3 controls, trial-ineligible patients had more sICH (13%BEST vs 3%DAWN [P = .02] vs 4%DEFUSE [P = .05]), but were more likely to achieve a good outcome at 90 d (36%BEST vs 13%DAWN [P < .01] vs 17%DEFUSE [P = .01]).

CONCLUSION: Thrombectomy is used in practice for some patients ineligible for the DAWN/DEFUSE-3 trials with potentially favorable outcomes. Additional trials are needed to confirm the safety and efficacy of thrombectomy in broader populations, such as large core infarction and M2 occlusions.

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ePub ahead of print