Teng H, Li C, Zhang Y, Lu M, Chopp M, Zhang ZG, Melcher-Mourgas M, and Fleckenstein B. Therapeutic effect of Cerebrolysin on reducing impaired cerebral endothelial cell permeability. Neuroreport 2021; 32(5):359-366.
Cerebrolysin has been shown to promote neurovascular protection and repair in preclinical models of stroke and neural injury and is demonstrating promise for stroke and neural injury therapeutic application in the clinic. The effect of Cerebrolysin on the human cerebral endothelial cell function has not been investigated. Using an in-vitro cerebral endothelial cell permeability assay and western blot analyses of tight junction and proinflammatory and procoagulant proteins, the present study showed that tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and fibrin substantially impaired human cerebral endothelial cell barrier function and increased permeability, which persisted for at least 24 h. western blot analysis revealed that tPA and fibrin significantly increased proinflammatory and procoagulation proteins of intercellular adhesion molecule 1, high mobility group box 1, tumor necrosis factor α and phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa B-p65, and significantly reduced tight junction proteins zonular 1, occludin and claudin. However, Cerebrolysin significantly diminished and reversed tPA- and fibrin-impaired endothelial cell permeability, which was associated with significant reductions of tPA- and fibrin-augmented proinflammatory and procoagulation proteins and significant elevations of tPA- and fibrin-decreased tight junction proteins. The beneficial effect of Cerebrolysin appears specific because cerebroprotein hydrolysate, with a distinct peptide composition, failed to show the reduction of tPA- and fibrin-impaired permeability. These data indicate that cererbrolysin has a therapeutic effect on tPA- and fibrin-impaired cerebral endothelial cell permeability by reducing proinflammatory and procoagulation proteins and by elevating tight junction proteins.