Agboola AA, Uddin K, Taj S, Gopakumar G, Anigbo CL, Nasir H, Haseeb M, and Javed A. Dermoid Cyst Spillage Resulting in Chemical Peritonitis: A Case Report and Literature Review. Cureus 2022; 14(9):e29151.
A dermoid cyst, also called a mature teratoma, is a benign tumor of the ovary derived from pluripotent germ cells. It is often asymptomatic; however, it can be expressed by several complications, including infection, adnexal torsion, and rupture. Rarely ovarian dermoid cysts can also transform into malignant degeneration. A ruptured teratoma is a rare and life-threatening complication and may arise spontaneously. However, cystic rupture is often secondary to surgical procedures such as ovarian cystectomy, leading to acute peritonitis and surgical emergency. Herein, we report a case of acute peritonitis in a female resulting from ovarian dermoid cyst spillage. Her clinical picture and radiological imaging were consistent with a ruptured ovarian cyst leading to chemical peritonitis, and a histopathological examination confirmed an ovarian dermoid cyst.