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Publication Title

Stem Cells Transl Med


A major clinical hurdle to translate MSC-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) is the lack of a method to scale-up the production of EVs with customized therapeutic properties. In this study, we tested whether EV production by a scalable 3D-bioprocessing method is feasible and improves neuroplasticity in animal models of stroke using MRI study. MSCs were cultured in a 3D-spheroid using a micro-patterned well. The EVs were isolated with filter and tangential flow filtration and characterized using electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis, and small RNA sequencing. Compared to conventional 2D culture, the production-reproduction of EVs (the number/size of particles and EV purity) obtained from 3D platform were more consistent among different lots from the same donor and among different donors. Several microRNAs with molecular functions associated with neurogenesis were upregulated in EVs obtained from 3D platform. EVs induced both neurogenesis and neuritogenesis via microRNAs (especially, miR-27a-3p and miR-132-3p)-mediated actions. EV therapy improved functional recovery on behavioral tests and reduced infarct volume on MRI in stroke models. The dose of MSC-EVs of 1/30 cell dose had similar therapeutic effects. In addition, the EV group had better anatomical and functional connectivity on diffusion tensor imaging and resting-state functional MRI in a mouse stroke model. This study shows that clinical-scale MSC-EV therapeutics are feasible, cost-effective, and improve functional recovery following experimental stroke, with a likely contribution from enhanced neurogenesis and neuroplasticity.

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Mice; Diffusion Tensor Imaging; Stroke; Extracellular Vesicles; MicroRNAs; Biomarkers; Mesenchymal Stem Cells

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print





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