Reproducibility and relative stability in magnetic resonance imaging indices of tumor vascular physiology over a period of 24h in a rat 9L gliosarcoma model
Nagaraja TN, Elmghirbi R, Brown SL, Schultz LR, Lee IY, Keenan KA, Panda S, Cabral G, Mikkelsen T, and Ewing JR. Reproducibility and relative stability in magnetic resonance imaging indices of tumor vascular physiology over a period of 24h in a rat 9L gliosarcoma model. Magn Reson Imaging 2017; 44:131-139.
Magnetic resonance imaging
PURPOSE: The objective was to study temporal changes in tumor vascular physiological indices in a period of 24h in a 9L gliosarcoma rat model.
METHODS: Fischer-344 rats (N=14) were orthotopically implanted with 9L cells. At 2weeks post-implantation, they were imaged twice in a 24h interval using dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). Data-driven model-selection-based analysis was used to segment tumor regions with varying vascular permeability characteristics. The region with the maximum number of estimable parameters of vascular kinetics was chosen for comparison across the two time points. It provided estimates of three parameters for an MR contrast agent (MRCA): i) plasma volume (vp), ii) forward volumetric transfer constant (Ktrans) and interstitial volume fraction (ve, ratio of Ktrans to reverse transfer constant, kep). In addition, MRCA extracellular distribution volume (VD) was estimated in the tumor and its borders, along with tumor blood flow (TBF) and peritumoral MRCA flux. Descriptors of parametric distributions were compared between the two times. Tumor extent was examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Picrosirus red staining of secreted collagen was performed as an additional index for 9L cells.
RESULTS: Test-retest differences between population summaries for any parameter were not significant (paired t and Wilcoxon signed rank tests). Bland-Altman plots showed no apparent trends between the differences and averages of the test-retest measures for all indices. The intraclass correlation coefficients showed moderate to almost perfect reproducibility for all of the parameters, except vp. H&E staining showed tumor infiltration in parenchyma, perivascular space and white matter tracts. Collagen staining was observed along the outer edges of main tumor mass.
CONCLUSION: The data suggest the relative stability of these MR indices of tumor microenvironment over a 24h duration in this gliosarcoma model.
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Brain; Brain Neoplasms; Contrast Media; Disease Models, Animal; Gliosarcoma; Image Enhancement; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Rats; Rats, Inbred F344; Reproducibility of Results; Time