Jabbour P, Dmytriw AA, Sweid A, Piotin M, Bekelis K, Sourour N, Raz E, Linfante I, Dabus G, Kole M, Martínez-Galdámez M, Nimjee SM, Lopes DK, Hassan AE, Kan P, Ghorbani M, Levitt MR, Escalard S, Missios S, Shapiro M, Clarençon F, Elhorany M, Vela-Duarte D, Tahir RA, Youssef PP, Pandey AS, Starke RM, El Naamani K, Abbas R, Hammoud B, Mansour OY, Galvan J, Billingsley JT, Mortazavi A, Walker M, Dibas M, Settecase F, Heran MKS, Kuhn AL, Puri AS, Menon BK, Sivakumar S, Mowla A, D'Amato S, Zha AM, Cooke D, Goyal M, Wu H, Cohen J, Turkel-Parrella D, Xavier A, Waqas M, Tutino VM, Siddiqui A, Gupta G, Nanda A, Khandelwal P, Tiu C, Portela PC, Perez de la Ossa N, Urra X, de Lera M, Arenillas JF, Ribo M, Requena M, Piano M, Pero G, De Sousa K, Al-Mufti F, Hashim Z, Nayak S, Renieri L, Aziz-Sultan MA, Nguyen TN, Feineigle P, Patel AB, Siegler JE, Badih K, Grossberg JA, Saad H, Gooch MR, Herial NA, Rosenwasser RH, Tjoumakaris S, and Tiwari A. Characteristics of a COVID-19 Cohort With Large Vessel Occlusion: A Multicenter International Study. Neurosurgery 2022.
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms and outcomes in coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-associated stroke are unique from those of non-COVID-19 stroke.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the efficacy and outcomes of acute revascularization of large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the setting of COVID-19 in an international cohort.
METHODS: We conducted an international multicenter retrospective study of consecutively admitted patients with COVID-19 with concomitant acute LVO across 50 comprehensive stroke centers. Our control group constituted historical controls of patients presenting with LVO and receiving a mechanical thrombectomy between January 2018 and December 2020.
RESULTS: The total cohort was 575 patients with acute LVO; 194 patients had COVID-19 while 381 patients did not. Patients in the COVID-19 group were younger (62.5 vs 71.2; P < .001) and lacked vascular risk factors (49, 25.3% vs 54, 14.2%; P = .001). Modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 3 revascularization was less common in the COVID-19 group (74, 39.2% vs 252, 67.2%; P < .001). Poor functional outcome at discharge (defined as modified Ranklin Scale 3-6) was more common in the COVID-19 group (150, 79.8% vs 132, 66.7%; P = .004). COVID-19 was independently associated with a lower likelihood of achieving modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction 3 (odds ratio [OR]: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.7; P < .001) and unfavorable outcomes (OR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.4-4.5; P = .002).
CONCLUSION: COVID-19 was an independent predictor of incomplete revascularization and poor outcomes in patients with stroke due to LVO. Patients with COVID-19 with LVO were younger, had fewer cerebrovascular risk factors, and suffered from higher morbidity/mortality rates.
ePub ahead of print