Title

Disparities in the Use of Single-fraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Brain Metastases From Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-7-2019

Publication Title

Cureus

Abstract

PURPOSE: Radiation treatment patterns in patients with brain metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not been well elucidated. The National Cancer Database (NCDB) was used to evaluate trends in the use of whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brain metastasis from NSCLC.

METHODS: This NCDB study included patients > 18 years old with metastatic NSCLC treated with single-fraction SRS or WBRT between 2004 and 2014. Chi-square, t-test, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to identify predictors of SRS versus WBRT.

RESULTS: Of 40,803 patients, 34,183 (83.8%) received WBRT and 6,620 (16.2%) received SRS. SRS utilization increased from 7% (157 cases) in 2004 to 37% (1,346 cases) in 2014 (p < .001). SRS was utilized more by academic than community facilities (22% versus 13%, p < .001). The strongest independent predictors of SRS included year of diagnosis in 2010-2014 versus 2004-2009 (odds ratio [OR] 2.62, 95% CI 2.46-2.79, p < .0001), metropolitan versus rural (OR 2.26, CI 1.79-2.85, p < .0001), distance from cancer-reporting facility of ≥ 30 versus < 30 miles (OR 2.36, CI 2.18-2.56, p < .0001), private insurance versus non-insured patients (OR 1.96, CI 1.68-2.29, p < .0001), and academic versus community facility (OR 1.76, CI 1.66-1.87, p < .0001).

CONCLUSION: SRS for NSCLC brain metastases has steadily increased in the United States; however, WBRT remains the most commonly used. Wide geographic and socioeconomic variations exist in the utilization of SRS and WBRT for this patient population.

PubMed ID

31011494

Volume

11

Issue

2

First Page

e4031

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