Title

Diffuse white matter response in trauma-injured brain to bone marrow stromal cell treatment detected by diffusional kurtosis imaging.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-15-2019

Publication Title

Brain research

Abstract

Diffuse white matter (WM) response to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and transplantation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hMSCs) after the injury were non-invasively and dynamically investigated. Male Wistar rats (300-350g) subjected to TBI were intravenously injected with 1 ml of saline (n=10) or with hMSCs in suspension ( approximately 3x10(6) hMSCs, n=10) 1-week post-TBI. MRI measurements of T2-weighted imaging and diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) were acquired on all animals at multiple time points up to 3-months post-injury. Functional outcome was assessed using the Morris water maze test. DKI-derived metrics of fractional anisotropy (FA), axonal water fraction (AWF) and radial kurtosis (RK) longitudinally reveal an evolving pattern of structural alteration post-TBI occurring in the brain region remote from primary impact site. The progressive structural change is characterized by gradual disruption of WM integrity at an early stage (weeks post-TBI), followed by spontaneous recovery at a later stage (months post-TBI). Transplantation of hMSCs post-TBI promotes this structural plasticity as indicated by significantly increased FA and AWF in conjunction with substantially elevated RK at the later stage. Our long-term imaging data demonstrate that hMSC therapy leads to modified temporal profiles of these metrics, inducing an earlier presence of enhanced structural remodeling, which may contribute to improved functional recovery.

PubMed ID

31009610

Volume

1717

First Page

127

Last Page

135

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