Title

Stereotactic radiosurgery for multiple myeloma of the spine

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2018

Publication Title

J Radiat Oncol

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this retrospective analysis is to evaluate the role of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in treating multiple myeloma (MM) of the spine. Methods: Medical records of MM patients who underwent single fraction spine SRS between 6/2001 and 12/2014 at our institution were retrospectively reviewed in this institutional review board-approved analysis. Post-treatment radiographic, neurologic, and pain response were the primary endpoints. Endpoints were evaluated with periodic clinical exams and imaging studies (magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography). Results: Median SRS dose was 16 Gy (10–18) in a single fraction. Seventy-eight patients (121 treatment sites) were treated. Clinical follow-up was available for 71 patients. Radiographic follow-up was available for 94 treatment sites. Median follow-up was 27.8 months (24 days–12.1 years). Radiographic control was observed in 89.4% of the treated sites. Pain relief occurred in 88.3% of the patients that presented with pain; pain progression occurred in 3.3%. Neurological improvement was observed in 63.6% of the patients that presented with a deficit. In sites where MM approached or compressed the epidural canal or the thecal sac, after SRS, evidence of radiographic regression was observed in 87.1%. Toxicities observed included one patient who experienced a tracheoesophageal fistula 2 years after SRS. After SRS, there were 39 VCFs that were potentially SRS-induced. Conclusion: SRS appears to be effective in the treatment of MM of the spine. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest such experience reported.

PubMed ID

Not assigned.

Volume

7

Issue

1

First Page

37

Last Page

44

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