Updated phase I trial of anti-LAG-3 or anti-CD137 alone and in combination with anti-PD-1 in patients with recurrent GBM
Lim M, Ye X, Piotrowski AF, Desai AS, Ahluwalia MS, Walbert T, Fisher JD, Desideri S, Belcaid Z, Jackson C, Nabors LB, Wen PY, and Grossman SA. Updated phase I trial of anti-LAG-3 or anti-CD137 alone and in combination with anti-PD-1 in patients with recurrent GBM. J Clin Oncol 2019; 37.
J Clin Oncol
Background: Preclinical GBM data targeting the checkpoint molecules Lag-3 and CD137 have shown promising anti-tumor immune response with resultant improved survival when combined with anti-PD-1. Here we report our experience from a multi-arm safety study in patients with recurrent GBM treated with anti-Lag-3 and anti-CDI 37. Methods: The Adult Brain Tumor Consortium (ABTC) 1501 trial is a phase I, open label, multicenter, multi-arm dose-finding/safety study of anti-LAG-3 (BMS-986016) or anti-CD137 (BMS-663513) alone and in combination with anti-PD-1 in patients at first recurrence of GBM. The primary objective is to define MTD for the mono and combinational treatment. The major secondary objective is to explore for a signal in efficacy. The key inclusion criteria are adults, first recurrence of GBM following RT+TMZ, TLC≥1000/ul, KPS≥ 60%, stable corticosteroid regimen, measurable disease, and written informed consent. Sequential allocation was used for the treatment assignment at starting dose of 80mg for anti-LAG-3 and 8mg for anti-CD137. Anti-PD-1was given at a flat dose of 240 mg in the combination treatment arms. The 3+3 design is used for the dose finding with a target DLT rate < 33%. Results:to date 44 patients were enrolled into the trial with median age at 57, median KPS at 90. Median treatment cycle was 3 and 39% tumors were MGMT methylated. The highest safe dose for Anti-LAG-3 alone is 800 mg without a DLT The safe dose for anti-CD137 alone arm is 8mg with 1 DLT, and 2 grade 3 elevated serum ALT at end of cycle 2. Combination arms of Anti-LAG-3 +anti-PD-1 (160 mg/240mg as the highest dose combination) had one DLT (hypertension) and no toxicities were seen in the combination arm of Anti-CD137+Anti-PD-1 (3 mg/240 mg). mOS was 14 months for anti-CD137 alone, 8 months for Anti-Lag-3, and 7 months for Anti-Lag-3 + Anti-PD-1. Correlative data will be discussed. Conclusions: The trial is ongoing. The RP2D is 800mg for anti-LAG-3 as a monotherapy and 8mg for anti-CD137. For the combination arms, 160 mg of Anti-LAG-3 and 240 mg of anti-PD-1 and 3 mg of anti-CD137 and 240 mg antiPD-1 were the RP2D.