Temporal assessment of altered periablation blood-brain barrier permeability following tumor cytoreduction by thermal therapy in a rat orthotopic glioblastoma model

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Neuro Oncol


Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is a minimally invasive tumor cytoreductive treatment for recurrent gliomas, brain tumors in eloquent regions and/or otherwise inaccessible. Following reports of persistent periablation blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening in humans, we examined this phenomenon using a rat glioblastoma model. Athymic female rats were implanted with U251 tumor cells in one brain hemisphere. Tumor growth was monitored using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI. When tumors reached about 4 mm in diameter, they were ablated under supervision of diffusion-weighted MRI using Visualase®, a clinical LITT system. Four rats were used as controls. Longitudinal MRI data were obtained before LITT, and at post-LITT 2 (n=9), 3 (n=3) and 4 (n=9) weeks. After the terminal MRI at each time point, rats were injected intravenously with fluorescent isothiocyanate dextran (FITC-dextran; 2000 kDa) and Evans Blue (68 kDa after binding to plasma albumin) and the brains immersion fixed in 10% paraformaldehyde. The brains were cut into 100 μM thick slices in a vibratome and examined for the distribution of the two fluorophores. All rats survived the LITT procedure. The sham controls showed increased tumor burden by 2 weeks and were sacrificed. DCE-MRI data and fluorescent data showed elevated BBB permeability in peri-ablation regions, with leakage of a gadolinium contrast on DCE-MRI and of Evans Blue, but not of FITC-dextran. Histology showed little tumor tissue at 2 weeks, but evidence of recurrence at ablation margins at later times. These data demonstrate that LITT is adaptable to rat glioma models and can be performed under MRI monitoring. Peri-ablation regions showed selective increase in BBB permeability acutely due to sublethal heating, but later increases in permeability may be due to tumor recurrence. We suggest this model is useful for examining the temporal and spatial development of peri-ablation BBB opening following LITT.

PubMed ID

Not assigned.





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