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Progress in transplantation


Lung transplantation has evolved to become an acceptable therapy for individuals with end-stage lung disease. Readmissions rates after lung transplantation remain high as compared to other medical surgical populations. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the current body of knowledge about patterns, risk factors, and outcomes of readmissions after lung transplantation. The literature revealed that the most common admission diagnoses linked to lung transplant readmissions are infections followed by tachyarrhythmias, airway complications, surgical complications, rejection, thromboembolic events, gastrointestinal complications, and renal dysfunction. Risk factors for these readmissions include male gender, longer intensive care unit stay, reintubation, prolonged chest tube air leak, frailty, and discharge to a long-term care facility. Outcomes of multiple readmissions after lung transplantation are associated with decreased survival and increased risk of mortality. Further research is needed to better understand which readmission diagnoses are preventable and whether multidisciplinary interventions can reduce readmission rates among patients after lung transplantation.

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ePub ahead of print