Mapping Direct Observations From Objective Structured Clinical Examinations to the Milestones Across Specialties
Baker-Genaw K, Kokas MS, Ahsan SF, Darnley-Fisch D, Drake S, Goyal N, Inamdar K, Moutzouros V, Prabhakar D, Rolland L, Sangha R, Shreve M, and Woodward A. Mapping direct observations from objective structured clinical examinations to the milestones across specialties J Grad Med Educ 2016; 8(3):429-434.
J Grad Med Educ
BACKGROUND: Little is known about residents' performance on the milestones at the institutional level. Our institution formed a work group to explore this using an institutional-level curriculum and residents' evaluation of the milestones.
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether beginner-level milestones for interpersonal and communication skills (ICS) related to observable behaviors in ICS-focused objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) for postgraduate year (PGY) 1 residents across specialties.
METHODS: The work group compared ICS subcompetencies across 12 programs to identify common beginner-level physician-patient communication milestones. The selected ICS milestone sets were compared for common language with the ICS-OSCE assessment tool-the Kalamazoo Essential Elements of Communication Checklist-Adapted (KEECC-A). To assess whether OSCE scores related to ICS milestone scores, all PGY-1 residents from programs that were part of Next Accreditation System Phase 1 were identified; their OSCE scores from July 2013 to June 2014 and ICS subcompetency scores from December 2014 were compared.
RESULTS: The milestones for 10 specialties and the transitional year had at least 1 ICS subcompetency that related to physician-patient communication. The language of the ICS beginner-level milestones appears similar to behaviors outlined in the KEECC-A. All 60 residents with complete data received at least a beginner-level ICS subcompetency score and at least a satisfactory score on all 3 OSCEs.
CONCLUSIONS: The ICS-OSCE scores for PGY-1 residents appear to relate to beginner-level milestones for physician-patient communication across multiple specialties.
Medical Subject Headings
Checklist; Clinical Competence; Communication; Curriculum; Hospitals, Urban; Humans; Internship and Residency; Michigan; Physician-Patient Relations; Social Skills