Shen SR, Boese EA, Clark CP, Man X, Nika M, and Moroi SE. Acute Angle-Closure Crisis Secondary to Topiramate-Induced Ciliochoroidal Effusion With Underlying Plateau Iris Configuration. Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 2021; 37(6):528-534.
J Diagn Med Sonogr
Objective: The development of ciliochoroidal effusions and secondary acute angle-closure crisis (AACC) is an uncommon side effect of topiramate, a common antiepileptic now FDA-approved for migraine prophylaxis. The mechanisms that underlie the development of ciliochoroidal effusions after topiramate use remain unclear. Materials and Methods: Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) was also performed in all participants after stopping topiramate. Results: Six patient cases are presented with medication-induced AACC following the initiation or escalation of topiramate. Ciliochoroidal effusions were confirmed by gray-scale sonography in all patients at presentation. The images revealed either plateau iris configuration or atypical plateau iris configuration. Plateau iris configuration is defined by presence of an anteriorly rotated ciliary body processes and an absent posterior sulcus. Atypical plateau iris configuration refers to when the iris inserts directly into the ciliary body face. This case series, of medication-induced angle-closure crisis, suggests that plateau iris configuration is a shared anatomical feature in the development of topiramate-induced ciliochoroidal effusions.