Patient Compliance With Electronic Patient Reported Outcomes Following Shoulder Arthroscopy.
Makhni EC, Higgins JD, Hamamoto JT, Cole BJ, Romeo AA, and Verma NN. Patient compliance with electronic patient reported outcomes following shoulder arthroscopy. Arthroscopy 2017; 33(11):1940-1946
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
PURPOSE: To determine the patient compliance in completing electronically administered patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores following shoulder arthroscopy, and to determine if dedicated research assistants improve patient compliance.
METHODS: Patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014, were prospectively enrolled into an electronic data collection system with retrospective review of compliance data. A total of 143 patients were included in this study; 406 patients were excluded (for any or all of the following reasons, such as incomplete follow-up, inaccessibility to the order sets, and inability to complete the order sets). All patients were assigned an order set of PROs through an electronic reporting system, with order sets to be completed prior to surgery, as well as 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Compliance rates of form completion were documented. Patients who underwent arthroscopic anterior and/or posterior stabilization were excluded.
RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 53.1 years, ranging from 20 to 83. Compliance of form completion was highest preoperatively (76%), and then dropped subsequently at 6 months postoperatively (57%) and 12 months postoperatively (45%). Use of research assistants improved compliance by approximately 20% at each time point. No differences were found according to patient gender and age group. Of those completing forms, a majority completed forms at home or elsewhere prior to returning to the office for the clinic visit.
CONCLUSIONS: Electronic administration of PRO may decrease the amount of time required in the office setting for PRO completion by patients. This may be mutually beneficial to providers and patients. It is unclear if an electronic system improves patient compliance in voluntary completion PRO. Compliance rates at final follow-up remain a concern if data are to be used for establishing quality or outcome metrics.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, case series.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Age Factors; Aged, 80 and over; Arthroscopy; Electronic Health Records; Female; Humans; Joint Instability; Male; Michigan; Middle Aged; Patient Compliance; Patient Reported Outcome Measures; Postoperative Period; Retrospective Studies; Rotator Cuff Injuries; Sex Factors; Shoulder Joint; Treatment Outcome; Young Adult