Preoperative Patient-Centric Predictors of Postoperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Arthroscopic Meniscectomy

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Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery


© 2020 Purpose: To determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) using Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) computer-adaptive testing assessments in patients undergoing arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. The secondary purpose was to identify which preoperative patient factors are associated with MCID achievement. Methods: Three PROMIS computer-adaptive testing assessments (Physical Function [PF], Pain Interference [PI], and Depression [D]) were administered to all patients presenting to 1 of 2 board-certified, sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons. Patients with Current Procedural Terminology codes of 29880 or 29881 were chart reviewed for a host clinical and demographic factors. PROMIS scores were assessed for improvement and patient characteristics were assessed for influence on any improvement. MCID was calculated according to the distribution methodology and receiver operating characteristics were used to assess preoperative scores predictive ability. Results: In total, 166 patients met inclusion criteria (58 exclusions). Postoperative PROMIS-PF (45.6), PROMIS-PI (54.6), and PROMIS-D (44.1) significantly improved at least 3 months after surgery when compared with baseline (P = .002). MCID values for PROMIS-PF, PROMIS-PI, and PROMIS-D were 3.5, 3.3, and 4.4, respectively. Individuals with PROMIS-PF scores below 34.9 yielded an 82% probability of achieving MCID, while PROMIS-PI scores above 67.5 yielded an 86% probability of achieving MCID and a cutoff of 58.9 for PROMIS-D yielded a 60% probability of achieving MCID, with 90% specificity. Conclusions: PROMIS scores, obtained preoperatively, were shown to be valid predictors of postoperative clinical improvement in patients undergoing meniscectomy. Our findings suggest that patients with physical function scores of 34.9 or less have an increased probability of reaching a minimal clinically important difference. Similarly, patients with pain interference scores of 67.5 and above have increased probability of reaching MCID for pain interference. These cutoffs may be used by physicians to aid in the counseling of patients considering arthroscopic meniscectomy. Level of Evidence: IV, Case Series.

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