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Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery


BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) has become increasingly popular among orthopedic surgeons treating shoulder pathology. Despite this, there have been few studies that have described and compared preoperative reference scores for specific shoulder surgical procedures. The primary purpose of this study was to establish and compare baseline preoperative PROMIS scores for 3 common types of shoulder surgery: rotator cuff repair (RCR), total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), and labral repair (LR). The secondary goal was to stratify these operative groups by diagnosis and compare preoperative PROMIS scores.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, adult and pediatric patients who underwent surgery for either RCR, TSA, or LR were included. PROMIS-Upper Extremity (UE), PROMIS-Pain Interference (PI), and PROMIS-Depression (D) scores that were collected at each patient's preoperative visit were reviewed. Continuous and categorical variables were compared between operative groups using analysis of variance and χ

RESULTS: A total of 413 patients were included in the study: 272 in the RCR group, 84 in the TSA group, and 57 in the LR group. The average PROMIS-UE score was 39.8 in the LR group vs. 29.9 in the RCR group (P < .001) and 29.6 in the TSA group (P < .001). There was no difference between the mean RCR and TSA PROMIS-UE scores (P = .93). The average PROMIS-PI score was 56.6 in the LR group vs. 62.8 in the RCR group (P < .001) and 63.9 in the TSA group (P < .001). There was no difference between RCR and TSA PROMIS-PI scores (P = .09). The average PROMIS-D score was 43.5 in the LR group vs. 47.7 in the RCR group (P = .004) and 50.3 in the TSA group (P < .001). The TSA group had a higher mean PROMIS-D score than the RCR group (P = .03). For PROMIS-UE scores, age and body mass index were not found to be significant independent predictors (P = .98 and P = .88, respectively). For PROMIS-PI scores, age, body mass index, and sex were not found to be significant independent predictors (P = .31, P = .81, and P = .48, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing shoulder LR had higher preoperative function scores and lower pain interference and depression scores than those undergoing TSA and RCR. These baseline PROMIS scores should be taken into consideration when tracking a patient's outcomes after surgery, as a certain score could mean drastically different functional and pain outcomes depending on the underlying pathology.

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ePub ahead of print