Shaw JH, Swantek A, Lindsay-Rivera K, Rahman T, Davis JJ, and Makhni EC. Changes in Patient Reported Outcome Measure Scores from Initial Presentation to Day-of-Surgery in Patients Undergoing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2022.
The Journal of arthroplasty
BACKGROUND: It is not well understood how patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) change from initial presentation to day-of-surgery (DOS). This study sought to quantify preoperative PROM changes for hip and knee arthroplasty patients.
METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on primary total hip, total knee, and partial knee arthroplasty patients from October 2020 through January 2021. Trends in preoperative Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Physical Function (PROMIS-PF), Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement (HOOS-JR), and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement (KOOS-JR) scores were compared using scores at initial presentation in the ambulatory clinic and at a time near the date-of-surgery. A total of 497 patients possessed 2 preoperative PROMIS-PF (497/497), HOOS-JR (152/497), or KOOS-JR (258/497) surveys.
RESULTS: There was no significant statistical difference in mean PROM scores between initial presentation and DOS PROMIS-PF or HOOS-JR scores. Only KOOS-JR demonstrated a significant statistical difference of 2 ± 14 (P = .002) when comparing initial versus preoperative scores. Partial knee arthroplasty patients saw a strong positive correlation (r = 0.77) between initial PROMIS-PF and DOS scores. However, mean absolute value changes on an individual level were 4 ± 4, 11 ± 39, and 11 ± 10 for PROMIS-PF, HOOS-JR, and KOOS-JR, respectively, indicating the presence of meaningful patient-level score changes as based on previously published anchor-based minimal clinically important differences.
CONCLUSION: PROMs collected during the preoperative period demonstrated wide variability at an individual level, but not at a population level. Collection at both time points may be necessary in order to understand the clinical impact of surgery on these patients.