Makhni EC, Tramer JS, Anderson MJJ, and Levine WN. Evaluating Bone Loss in Anterior Shoulder Instability. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2022; 30(12):563-572.
The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Anterior shoulder instability is a common orthopaedic condition that often involves damage to the bony architecture of the glenohumeral joint in addition to the capsulolabral complex. Patients with recurrent shoulder dislocations are at increased risk for glenohumeral bone loss, as each instability event leads to the accumulation of additional glenoid and/or humeral head bone defects. Depending on the degree of bone loss, successful treatment may need to address bony lesions in addition to injured soft-tissue structures. As such, a thorough understanding of methods for evaluating bone loss preoperatively, in terms of location, size, and significance, is essential. Although numerous imaging modalities can be used, three-dimensional imaging has proven particularly useful and is now an integral component of preoperative planning.
Medical Subject Headings
Humans; Humeral Head; Joint Instability; Shoulder; Shoulder Dislocation; Shoulder Joint