Higher Annual Total Hip Arthroplasty Volume Decreases the Risk of Intraoperative Periprosthetic Femur Fractures

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J arthroplasty


BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic femur fracture (PFF) is a complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). These occur intraoperatively or postoperatively, and documented risk factors of PFFs include women, age greater than 65 years, cementless stems, and inflammatory arthropathies. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to assess the relationship of years of surgical experience and surgeon annual THA volume on intraoperative and postoperative PFFs.

METHODS: Data were collected from a database query, and PFFs were identified as either intraoperative or postoperative. Intraoperative and postoperative PFFs were both compared to a control group of non-PFF patients. Years of surgical experience at the time of surgery and annual THA volume for the primary surgeon were calculated for all cases. Logistic regression analyses were used to calculate odds ratios for each of the surgeon variables when adjusted for patient demographics.

RESULTS: Thirty-seven intraoperative and 108 postoperative PFFs were identified and compared to 7,629 controls. From regression analyses, high-volume surgeons (≥50 THA/year) had lower odds of intraoperative PFF (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.40, P = .020) but not postoperative PFF (aOR = 1.02, P = .921). Surgeon experience (≥15 years since board certification at the time of surgery), was not significantly related to either PFF outcomes. For patient factors, age ≥65 years (aOR = 2.30, P < .001) and women (aOR = 2.69, P < .001) were both significant predictors of postoperative PFFs only.

CONCLUSION: Surgeons who performed 50 or more THAs per year had significantly fewer intraoperative PFFs than surgeons who did less than 50 THAs per year. Surgeon experience was not significantly related to PFFs.

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ePub ahead of print