Can opioids be eliminated after arthroscopic meniscus surgery? A prospective randomized controlled trial

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Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Objectives: To compare a multimodal nonopioid pain protocol to traditional opioid medication in controlling postoperative pain following meniscal surgery. We hypothesized that our nonopioid protocol would show no significant difference in pain and reduced side effects when compared to the standard opioid regimen. Methods: Ninety-nine patients undergoing primary meniscectomy or meniscal repair were assessed for participation. A prospective randomized control trial was performed in accordance with the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) 2010 statement. The two arms of the study included a multimodal non-opioid analgesic protocol and a standard opioid regimen with a primary outcome of postoperative pain level (visual analog scale) for 10 days. Secondary outcomes included patient reported outcomes, complications and patient satisfaction. Randomization was achieve using a random number generator. Patients were not blinded. Data collection was done by a blinded observer. Results: Eleven patients did not meet the inclusion criteria, and 27 declined participation. A total of 61 patients were analyzed with 30 randomized to the opioid regimen, and 31 randomized to the non-opioid regimen. Patients receiving the nonopioid regimen demonstrated non-inferior VAS scores compared to patients who received opioid pain medication (p>0.05) No significant differences were found in preoperative (opioid: 58.9 ± 7.0; nonopioid: 58.2 ± 5.5, p = 0.724) nor postoperative (opioid: 59.8 ± 6.5; nonopioid: 54.9 ± 7.1, p = 0.064) PROMIS-PI SF scores. No difference was found in recorded side effects between both groups: constipation (p = 0.124), nausea (p = 0.979), diarrhea (p = 0.464), upset stomach (p = 0.174), and drowsiness (p = 0.572). Conclusions: This study found that multimodal nonopioid pain protocol provided equivalent pain control and patient outcomes following primary meniscus surgery while having an equivalent side effect profile. All patients reported satisfaction with their pain management without requiring emergency opioid analgesia.

PubMed ID

Not assigned.


10 SUPPL 5

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