Larrabee KA, Kao AS, Barbetta BT, and Jones LR. Midface Including Le Fort Level Injuries. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2022; 30(1):63-70.
Facial plastic surgery clinics of North America
Le Fort fractures occur at uniform weak areas in the midface often due to blunt impact to the face. Sporting injuries are a common cause of facial trauma; however, use of protective equipment has reduced the number of sports-related injuries. All patients with traumatic injuries should be evaluated using Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol. Le Fort fractures can contribute to airway obstruction, and urgent intubation may be indicated. Surgery is indicated for most displaced Le Fort fractures to restore function and facial harmony. To facilitate reduction, the original occlusive relationship should be restored by placing the patient in MMF.
Medical Subject Headings
Face; Facial Bones; Facial Injuries; Humans; Maxillary Fractures; Osteotomy, Le Fort; Skull Fractures