Preparing for Facial Feminization Surgery
Donaldson L, Okifo F, and Garcia-Rodriguez L. Preparing for Facial Feminization Surgery. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2023; 31(3):349-354.
Facial plastic surgery clinics of North America
Preparing for facial feminization surgery (FFS) or gender-affirming facial surgery is a daunting task. Patients do extensive research online to see what FFS means. Oftentimes it is the patients who are educating their physicians when discussing medical clearance or the esteemed "therapy letter." The therapy letter is a letter that details the support for surgery in a stable patient and reaffirms the need to have FFS in a person diagnosed with gender dysphoria. This typically follows the World Professional Association for Transgender Health standards-of-care guidelines. Besides having the therapy letter, patients must be counseled on concurrent mental health illnesses.
Medical Subject Headings
Male; Humans; Transgender Persons; Feminization; Sex Reassignment Surgery; Face; Gender Dysphoria