Title

Factors associated with gastrostomy tube dependence following salvage total laryngectomy with microvascular free tissue transfer.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1-2019

Publication Title

Head & neck

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Following salvage total laryngectomy (STL) with microvascular-free tissue transfer (MFTT), patients are at high risk for swallowing dysfunction, but risk factors for persistent gastrostomy tube (G-tube) dependence are unknown.

METHODS: Retrospective review of 33 patients who underwent STL with MFTT.

RESULTS: A total oral diet was achieved by 81% of patients with ≥6 months of postoperative follow-up. Approximately 27% of patients were G-tube dependent preoperatively with 67% achieving a total oral diet postoperatively. Factors associated with persistent G-tube dependence included pT4 tumor, pN2+ status, more extensive pharyngectomy, and re-irradiation. Strictures occurred in 30% of patients and were associated with more extensive pharyngectomy and tubed reconstruction.

CONCLUSIONS: For patients undergoing STL with MFTT, the majority of patients achieve a total oral diet regardless of their preoperative swallowing function. Advanced-stage recurrent tumors and increased extent of pharyngectomy contribute to poorer swallowing outcomes.

PubMed ID

30549364

Volume

41

Issue

4

First Page

865

Last Page

870

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