The Effect of Recording Montage and Tone Burst Duration on Cervical and Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential Latency and Amplitude

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American journal of audiology


Objectives The objectives of this study were (a) to investigate the optimal tone burst duration when recording the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) and the ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) and (b) to determine whether monopolar recording influences the latency or amplitude of the cVEMP or the oVEMP. Method Fifteen subjects ( M = 27.7 years, SD = 6.73 years) participated in this study. The participants had no prior history of otological or neurological disease. Both oVEMPs and cVEMPs were recorded at a fixed stimulus level for stimulus durations of 2, 5, 10, and 25 ms. For both cVEMP and oVEMP, responses were obtained using a traditional differential recording montage and a monopolar recording montage. Results The cVEMP and the oVEMP had the greatest amplitude in the 2-ms stimulus condition. There was a statistically significant decrease in amplitude for durations greater than 2 ms. Monopolar and bipolar cVEMP and oVEMP latencies and amplitudes were not significantly different. Conclusion As stimulus duration increased beyond 2 ms, the amplitude of the response decreased for both the cVEMP and the oVEMP. There was no significant change in latency with increasing stimulus duration for either response. These results suggested the optimal stimulus duration for both the oVEMP and cVEMP is 2 ms, and there is no apparent advantage of using a bipolar recording technique.

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ePub ahead of print