Kagami-Ogata syndrome in a patient with 46,XX,t(2;14)(q11.2;q32.2)mat disrupting MEG3

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Journal of human genetics


Kagami-Ogata syndrome (KOS14) is a rare imprinting disorder characterized by a unique constellation of phenotypes including bell-shaped small thorax with coat-hanger appearance of the ribs. We encountered an African American female infant with KOS14 phenotype and 46,XX,t(2;14)(q11.2;q32.2)mat. After excluding upd(14)pat and an epimutation (hypermethylation) and a deletion affecting the maternally derived 14q32.2 imprinted region, we performed whole-genome sequencing, revealing that the translocation was generated between noncoding region at 2q11.2 and intron 6 of MEG3 at 14q32.2. Subsequent Sanger sequencing for the fusion points showed that the chromosomal fusion on the der(2) chromosome occurred between Chr2:102,193,994 (bp) and Chr14:101,314,628 (bp) in association with an insertion of 5-bp segment of unknown origin and that on the der(14) chromosome took place between Chr14:101,314,627 (bp) and Chr2:102,193,995 (bp) in association with an insertion of 1-bp segment of unknown origin (according to GRCh37/hg19). The results, together with the previous data in patients with KOS14, imply that the MEG3 disruption by 46,XX,t(2;14)(q11.2;q32.2)mat caused silencing of all MEGs including RTL1as and resultant excessive RTL1 expression, leading to the development of KOS14. To our knowledge, while Robertsonian translocations involving chromosome 14 have been reported in KOS14, this is the first case of KOS14 caused by a chromosomal translocation involving the 14q32.2 imprinted region.

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ePub ahead of print