Prognostic significance of histomorphologic features of lymph node metastases in prostate cancer patients treated with radical prostatectomy: A single center study
Alhamar M, Jabbar A, Deebajah M, Diaz M, Alanee S, Hassan O, Williamson SR, Schultz D, and Gupta N. Prognostic significance of histomorphologic features of lymph node metastases in prostate cancer patients treated with radical prostatectomy: A single center study. Urol Oncol 2021.
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the prognostic value of histomorphologic features of lymph node (LN) metastases in patients with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effect of the features of LN metastasis on the risk of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in 280 LN-positive patients who underwent radical prostatectomy between 2006 to 2018. LN specific parameters recorded included number of metastatic LNs, size of the largest metastatic focus, Gleason Grade (GG) of the metastatic focus, and extranodal extension (ENE).
RESULTS: A solitary positive LN was found in 166/280 (59%), 95/280 (34%) patients had 2-4 positive LNs, and 19/280 (7%) had 5 or more positive LNs. The size of the largest metastatic focus > 2 mm (macrometastasis) in 154/261 (59%). GG of the metastatic focus was as follows: GG 1-2: 29/224 (13%); GG 3: 27/224 (12%); and GG 4-5: 168/224 (75%). ENE was identified in 99/244 (41%). We found the number of LNs positive (2-4 vs. 1 Hazard ratio (HR) = 1.60; 95% CI: 1.02 to 2.5; P = 0.04) and GG of the metastatic focus (GG 4&5 vs. 1-3 HR = 1.90; 95% CI: 1.14-3.2; P= 0.014) to be independent predictors of the risk of BCR after surgery on multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed the number of LNs positive and GG of the LN metastatic focus to be significant independent predictors of BCR after radical prostatectomy. We recommend reporting histomorphologic parameters of LN metastasis as they may help in defining BCR risk categorization.
ePub ahead of print