Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-12-2021

Publication Title

Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis

Abstract

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immune complication of heparin therapy caused by antibodies to complexes of platelet factor 4 (PF4) and heparin. Pathogenic antibodies to PF4/heparin bind and activate platelets to propagate a hypercoagulable state culminating in life-threatening thrombosis. The serotonin-release assay (SRA) is considered the gold-standard test to diagnose HIT. However, the sensitivity of the SRA was questioned with reported cases of clinical diagnosis of HIT and negative SRA. Herein, we present the utility of platelet factor 4-dependent P-selectin expression assay (PEA) in diagnosing HIT in a patient with thrombocytopenia and recurrent thrombosis who repeatedly tested negative with SRA.

PubMed ID

34261860

ePublication

ePub ahead of print

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