Quantification of Methotrexate in Human Serum and Plasma by Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry.
Methods in molecular biology
Mass spectrometry (MS) is a highly specific and sensitive technique that is used for the detection of many different analytes with diverse chemical characteristics. It has been adopted by clinical laboratories for the quantification of small molecules and, by extension, has been widely used for therapeutic drug monitoring. It is an attractive alternative to immunoassay methods, because it is not subject to the same interferences. A limitation of MS (relative to immunoassays) is the turnaround time. However, this can be addressed by workflow parallelization with other assays. Herein we describe a tandem LC-MS/MS method for the detection and quantification of methotrexate in human plasma with a lower limit of quantification of 0.01 μM and within-assay and between-assay coefficients of variation of less than 15%. This method lacks interference from high-abundance metabolites and utilizes kindred chromatography to improve turnaround time in the therapeutic drug monitoring laboratory.