Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Kinase is a Common Convergent Pathway to Renal Neoplasia: A Contemporary Review

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

International journal of surgical pathology


Mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) is a member of the phosphatidylinositol-3-hydroxide kinase (PI3 K)-related protein kinase family that functions as a central regulator of cell growth, metabolism, proliferation, and survival. The role of the TSC-mTOR signaling pathway in kidney tumors has been implicated in some hamartoma syndromes; however, with the advent and wide utilization of molecular studies, a growing number of kidney tumors have been linked to somatic or germline mutations involving genes that encode for this pathway, including eosinophilic solid and cystic renal cell carcinoma, low-grade oncocytic tumor, eosinophilic vacuolated tumor, renal cell carcinoma with fibromyomatous stroma and angiomyolipoma, among others. Herein, we review the contemporary developments of mTOR pathway-related renal neoplasia, focusing on the clinicopathologic features of the tumor entities.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print