Molecular characterization of large cell calcifying sertoli cell tumors: A multi-institutional study of 6 benign and 2 malignant tumors

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Human pathology


Large cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumors (LCCSCTs) are rare testicular tumors, representing <1 >% of all testicular neoplasms. Almost 40 % of patients with LCCSCTs will present in the context of the inherited tumor predisposition syndrome, the Carney complex. While most LCCSCTs are benign, 10-20 % have malignant behavior. The aim of our study was to analyze LCCSCTs for novel molecular alterations in addition to PRKAR1A mutations and to identify potential drivers for malignant progression. Eight LCCSCTs diagnosed at two institutions were included. Two patients had the Carney complex confirmed on subsequent genetic testing, and two tumors had several adverse pathological findings. One patient presented with metastatic disease at the time of initial diagnosis. Targeted next-generation sequencing detected PRKAR1A alterations in all cases, with heterozygous PRKAR1A mutations in 5 tumors, germline Carney-complex-associated PRKAR1A mutation in 2 patients, and PRKAR1A fusion in 1 tumor. Additionally, sequencing the metastatic case identified CDKN1B and TERT promoter gene mutations. All tumors showed a low tumoral mutational burden and unremarkable copy number alterations except for frequent LOH of 17q24 encompassing the PRKAR1A locus. RNA expression analysis showed increased expression of several markers including novel PRUNE2, and usual markers like inhibin and calretinin. Our study showed that while LCCSCTs have been reported in the setting of cancer predisposition syndromes, the majority of these tumors occur sporadically. PRKAR1A alterations were present in all cases and appear to be the major driver in LCCSCTs. It remains to be determined whether malignant progression may be caused by additional driver mutations.

Medical Subject Headings

Male; Humans; Sertoli Cell Tumor; Carney Complex; Testicular Neoplasms; Mutation; Syndrome; Transcription Factors

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print



First Page


Last Page