GATA3 Expression in Prostatic Adenosquamous Carcinoma: A Potential Diagnostic Pitfall

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International journal of surgical pathology


Urothelial carcinoma and prostatic adenocarcinoma can have overlapping histologic features and in some instances pose challenges to pathologists. GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3) immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a well-established tool to aid in this specific diagnostic dilemma as it has been shown to be a sensitive marker for urothelial carcinoma and a putatively specific marker in excluding prostatic adenocarcinoma. However, in encountering an index tumor of prostatic adenosquamous carcinoma positive for GATA3, herein we sought to investigate this potential diagnostic pitfall in a larger series of tumors. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed prostatic adenosquamous carcinomas diagnosed in 17 patients across the authors' institutions and personal consult collections in the past 10 years. GATA3 IHC was either reviewed or performed on tumors not previously tested. We also recorded other immunostains that were performed at initial diagnosis. Positivity for GATA3 was found in 9 of 17 (53%) tumors, all within squamous regions (2 tumors also showed concomitant moderate GATA3 positivity within glandular elements). The GATA3 positive tumors were all positive for p63 in the 7 tumors where p63 was also performed. Of all tumors tested, NKX3.1 was positive in 100% (13/13) of the glandular elements (3 tumors also showed NKX3.1 concomitant positivity within squamous regions). In summary, when encountering a carcinoma with mixed glandular/squamous features in which prostatic origin is being considered, awareness of GATA3 immunoreactivity in a subset of prostatic adenosquamous carcinoma is critical to avoid diagnostic pitfalls.

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ePub ahead of print

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