Utilization of a Standardized Discharge Checklist to Improve the Transition of Care for Patients Receiving Parenteral Nutrition

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Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition


BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend using discharge checklists to discharge patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). Transition-of-care (TOC) tools have not been extensively studied in the PN population. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a standardized PN discharge checklist on TOC for PN patients.

METHODS: This is an Institutional Review Board-approved, retrospective quasi-experimental study of patients discharged receiving PN between January 1, 2014, and May 31, 2018. The primary end point was the completion of a PN discharge bundle (identification of a responsible provider to monitor PN after discharge, meeting daily caloric requirement of 20-35 kcal/kg/d, cycling PN prior to discharge). Secondary end points included documentation of PN discharge checklist components, hospital length of stay, frequency of 30-day hospital encounters, cause of hospital encounters, and time to readmission.

RESULTS: Fifty encounters were included in the pregroup and postgroup each (n = 100). There was a significant increase in completion of the TOC bundle in the postgroup (54% vs 76%, P = .035), driven by identification of a responsible provider for outpatient PN management (54% vs 82%, P = .005). Other PN discharge checklist components impacted included the following: case manager had the PN prescription for home infusion (50% vs 80%, P = .003), assessment for home glucometer (40% vs 90%, P < .001), and PN plan-of-care note documentation at discharge (18% vs 82%, P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: A standardized PN discharge checklist improved completion of discharge bundle.

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ePub ahead of print