Clinical Outcomes of Eravacycline in Patients Treated Predominately for Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

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Microbiol Spectr


Forty-six patients were treated with eravacycline (ERV) for Acinetobacter baumannii infections, where 69.5% of isolates were carbapenem resistant (CRAB). Infections were primarily pulmonary (58.3%), and most patients received combination therapy (84.4%). The median (IQR) ERV duration was 6.9 days (5.1 to 11.1). Thirty-day mortality was 23.9% in the cohort and 21.9% in CRAB patients. One patient experienced an ERV-possible adverse event.

IMPORTANCE: Acinetobacter baumannii, particularly when carbapenem resistant (CRAB), is one of the most challenging pathogens in the health care setting. This is complicated by the fact that there is no consensus guideline regarding management of A. baumannii infections. However, the recent Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for treatment of resistant Gram-negative infections provided expert recommendations for CRAB management. The panel suggest using minocycline among tetracycline derivatives rather than eravacycline (ERV) until sufficient clinical data are available. Therefore, we present the largest multicenter real-world cohort in patients treated with ERV for A. baumannii, where the majority of isolates were CRAB (69.5%). Our analysis demonstrate that patients treated with ERV-based regimens achieved a 30-day mortality of 23.9% and had a low incidence of ERV-possible adverse events (2.1%). This study is important as it fills the gap in the literature regarding the use of a novel tetracycline (i.e., ERV) in the treatment of this challenging health care infection.

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Humans; Acinetobacter baumannii; Minocycline; Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Acinetobacter Infections; Carbapenems; Anti-Bacterial Agents

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ePub ahead of print





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