Sulbactam-Durlobactam in the Treatment of Carbapenem-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Infections

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The Annals of pharmacotherapy


OBJECTIVE: To review the pharmacology, efficacy, and safety of intravenous sulbactam-durlobactam (SUL-DUR) in the treatment of carbapenem-resistant

DATA SOURCES: PubMed databases and were searched using the following terms: Sulbactam Durlobactam, ETX2514, Xacduro, Sulbactam-ETX2514, ETX2514SUL.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Articles published in English between January 1985 and September 13, 2023, related to pharmacology, safety, efficacy, and clinical trials were reviewed.

DATA SYNTHESIS: A phase II trial compared SUL-DUR with placebo with imipenem and cilastatin in both groups. Overall treatment success in the microbiological intention-to-treat analysis was reported in 76.6% of patients in the SUL-DUR group compared with 81% patients in the placebo group. A phase III trial compared SUL-DUR with colistin in adults with confirmed CRAB infections. Patients received either SUL-DUR or colistin and background therapy with imipenem-cilastatin. SUL-DUR was noninferior to colistin for 28-day all-cause mortality (19% vs 32.3%, treatment difference -13.2%; 95% CI [-30.0 to 3.5]).

RELEVANCE TO PATIENT CARE AND CLINICAL PRACTICE IN COMPARISON TO EXISTING DRUGS: Clinicians have limited options to treat CRAB infections. SUL-DUR has demonstrated efficacy against CRAB in patients with pneumonia and may be considered a viable treatment option. Nonetheless, potential impact of concomitant imipenem-cilastatin as background therapy on clinical trial findings is unclear. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of SUL-DUR alone or in combination with other active antimicrobials for the treatment of CRAB infections.

CONCLUSIONS: SUL-DUR has shown to be predominantly noninferior to alternative antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonias caused by CRAB, making it a viable treatment option. Further postmarketing data is needed to ascertain its role in other infections.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print