Concomitant Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy at Hysterectomy: Differences by Race and Menopausal Status in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System, 2007-2014

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Journal of women's health (2002)


Background: Hysterectomy can be performed with concomitant bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) to treat symptomatic pathology of the ovary (e.g., endometriosis) or to prevent ovarian cancer. Our objective was to examine the relationship between race and concomitant BSO by menopausal status in the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system.

Methods: This is a longitudinal study utilizing VA administrative data to identify hysterectomies provided or paid for by VA (i.e., source of care) between 2007 and 2014. We defined BSO as removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes at the time of hysterectomy, identified by International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision codes. Covariates included demographic (e.g., ethnicity) and gynecological diagnoses (e.g., endometriosis). We used generalized linear models with a log-link and binomial distribution to estimate associations of race with BSO by menopausal status and source of care.

Results: We identified 6,785 Veterans with hysterectomies, including 2,320 with concomitant BSO. Overall, Black Veterans were more likely to be single, obese, and undergo abdominal hysterectomy. After adjustment, premenopausal Black Veterans had a 41% lower odds of BSO than their White counterparts (odds ratio [OR]: 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.51-0.68). Stratifying on source of care, these results remained unchanged (provided: OR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.52-0.72; paid: OR: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.48-0.71). There was insufficient evidence of an association among postmenopausal Veterans.

Conclusions: Premenopausal Black Veterans are less likely to undergo BSO even after adjustment for salient characteristics. Our findings may have implications for equitable gynecological care for Veterans. Additional research is needed to better understand the role of differential preferences or cancer risk in these racial differences.

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ePub ahead of print