Anxiety, Depression, and Quality of Life After Procedural Intervention for Uterine Fibroids
Wallace K, Stewart EA, Wise LA, Nicholson WK, Parry JP, Zhang S, Laughlin-Tommaso S, Jacoby V, Anchan RM, Diamond MP, Venable S, Shiflett A, Wegienka GR, Maxwell GL, Wojdyla D, Myers ER, and Marsh E. Anxiety, Depression, and Quality of Life After Procedural Intervention for Uterine Fibroids. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021.
Journal of women's health (2002)
Background: Quality of life (QOL) and psychological health has been reported to be decreased among women with gynecological conditions such as uterine fibroids (UFs).
Materials and Methods: Women enrolled in the Comparing Options for Management: PAtient-centered REsults for Uterine Fibroids (COMPARE-UF) registry, receiving procedural therapy for symptomatic UFs, were eligible for this analysis if they completed a series of health-related QOL surveys administered at three time points (baseline, 6-12 weeks postprocedure, and 1 year postprocedure; n = 1486). Ethical approval for this study was obtained at each recruiting site and the coordinating center (NCT02260752, clinicaltrials.gov).
Results: More than 26% (n = 393) of women reported moderate anxiety/depression on the baseline anxiety/depression domain of the Euro-QOL 5-dimension instrument. At both the 6-12 weeks and 1-year postprocedural follow-up, there was significant improvement in the UF QOL symptom severity score (p < 0.001, p < 0.001), the total UF symptom QOL score (p < 0.001, p < 0.001), and the Euro-QOL 5-dimension visual analog scale (p < 0.001, p = 0.004) compared with the preprocedural baseline scores. The reporting of anxiety/depression decreased by 66.4% among women who were at baseline, whereas 5.6% of women previously reporting no anxiety/depression reported anxiety/depression at the 1-year follow-up.
Conclusion: UF symptoms were more severe among women reporting anxiety/depression at baseline. At the 1-year follow-up, health-related QOL scores improved among all women and the prevalence of anxiety/depression decreased in most, but not all women, whereas severity of anxiety/depression worsened in a small percentage of women (5.6%). Overall, these results suggest that UF treatment improves symptoms of anxiety/depression associated with symptomatic UFs.
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