Zhou Y, Li J, Gordon SC, Trudeau S, Rupp LB, Boscarino JA, Daida YG, Schmidt MA, and Lu M. Laboratory monitoring and antiviral treatment for chronic hepatitis B among routine care patients in the United States. J Viral Hepat 2021.
Journal of viral hepatitis
We investigated factors associated with rates of recommended monitoring of chronic hepatitis B (HBV) patients for viral DNA and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and initiation of antiviral treatment among eligible patients, in a US cohort of patients under routine care. Patients were categorised by treatment indication: definite, equivocal or ineligible. Baseline covariates included demographics, clinical characteristics and specialist care status. 'Recommended monitoring' was defined ≥1 ALT or HBV DNA test per year. Logit models, univariate then multivariable, were used to evaluate factors associated with monitoring and treatment. Among 3,830 patients, treatment was received by 67.5% (788/1168 patients) in the 'definite' category, and 34.1% (208/610 patients) in the 'equivocal' category, of whom 109 moved up to 'definite' status at some point during follow-up. Sex, age and specialist care were independently associated with receipt of treatment in 'definite' patients. Routine monitoring rates were high prior to treatment in 'definite/ treated' patients (ALT: 77%; DNA: 85%) but declined afterwards (ALT 63%; DNA 36%). Rates of monitoring were lower in 'definite/ untreated' patients (ALT: 48%; DNA: 32%). Among 'equivocal/ treated' patients, lower age and comorbidity scores were associated with receipt of treatment; ALT monitoring rates were similar before and after treatment initiation (41% and 46%, respectively), while rates of DNA monitoring declined (55% and 29%). Monitoring among 'treatment ineligible' patients was similar to those in the 'equivocal' and untreated 'definite' groups. A large proportion of US HBV patients under routine care did not receive recommended annual laboratory monitoring, especially after initiation of antiviral treatment, and nearly one-third of patients with 'definite' indications for antiviral therapy remained untreated.
ePub ahead of print