Rural-Urban Disparities in HPV Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents in the Central Part of the State of Illinois, USA

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Journal of community health


Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with six cancers and widespread immunization with HPV vaccine could reduce the number of these cancers. Although HPV vaccination rates are available for the state of Illinois and the city of Chicago, data are limited for specific areas. We assessed rates of HPV vaccine initiation and completion among adolescents in central Illinois and identified factors associated with initiation and completion. This was a retrospective study of adolescents (aged 11-17) who receive care at the Southern Illinois University Medicine Department of Pediatrics. The outcome variables were HPV vaccination initiation (receipt of ≥ 1 dose) and completion (receipt of ≥ 2 or 3 doses, depending on age of initiation). Multivariable logistic regressions were used to identify factors associated with HPV vaccine uptake. A total of 9,351 adolescents were included in the study. Overall, HPV vaccine initiation was 46.2% and completion was 24.7%. In adjusted analyses, adolescents residing in rural areas were 38% and 24% less likely to initiate (aOR = 0.62; 95 CI: 0.54-0.72) and complete (aOR = 0.76; 95 CI: 0.65-0.88) the HPV vaccine compared with those residing in urban areas. Similarly, adolescents were less likely to initiate and complete the HPV vaccine if they were not update to date on the hepatitis A, meningococcal, or Tdap vaccinations. HPV vaccination rates in central Illinois were low, and far below the national average and the Illinois state average. Future directions should include interventions to increase HPV vaccine uptake, particularly in rural areas.

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ePub ahead of print