Insurance Coverage and Forgoing Medical Appointments Because of Cost Among Cancer Survivors After 2016
Barnes JM, Graboyes EM, Adjei Boakye E, Schootman M, Chino JP, Moss HA, Mowery YM, and Osazuwa-Peters N. Insurance Coverage and Forgoing Medical Appointments Because of Cost Among Cancer Survivors After 2016. JCO Oncol Pract 2023.
JCO Oncol Pract
PURPOSE: The uninsured rate began rising after 2016, which some have attributed to health policies undermining aspects of the Affordable Care Act. Our primary objectives were to assess the changes in insurance coverage and forgoing medical care because of cost in cancer survivors from pre-enactment (2016) through postenactment of those policies (2019) and determine whether there were subgroups that were disproportionately affected.
METHODS: The 2016-2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys were queried for 18- to 64-year-old cancer survivors. Survey-weighted logistic regression was used to assess temporal changes in (1) insurance coverage and (2) forgoing medical appointments because of cost in the preceding 12 months.
RESULTS: A total of 62,669 cancer survivors were identified. The percentage of insured cancer survivors decreased from 92.4% in 2016 to 90.4% in 2019 (odds ratio for change in insurance coverage or affordability per one-year increase [OR(year)], 0.92; 95% CI, 0.86 to 0.98; P = .01), translating to 161,000 fewer cancer survivors in the United States with insurance coverage. There were decreases in employer-sponsored insurance coverage (OR(year), 0.89) but increases in Medicaid coverage (OR(year), 1.17) from 2016 to 2019. Forgoing medical appointments because of cost increased from 17.9% in 2016 to 20.0% in 2019 (OR(year), 1.05; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.1; P = .025), affecting an estimated 169,000 cancer survivors. The greatest changes were observed among individuals with low income, particularly those residing in nonexpansion states.
CONCLUSION: Between 2016 and 2019, there were 161,000 fewer cancer survivors in the United States with insurance coverage, and 169,000 forwent medical care because of cost.
ePub ahead of print