Comparison of methanol fixation versus cryopreservation of the placenta for metabolomics analysis
Straughen JK, Sitarik AR, Jones AD, Li J, Allo G, Salafia C, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, and Paneth N. Comparison of methanol fixation versus cryopreservation of the placenta for metabolomics analysis. Sci Rep 2023; 13(1):4063.
Methods for collection of placental tissue at room temperature for metabolic profiling are described. Specimens were excised from the maternal side of the placenta and immediately flash frozen or fixed and stored for 1, 6, 12, 24, or 48 h in 80% methanol. Untargeted metabolic profiling was performed on both the methanol-fixed tissue and the methanol extract. Data were analyzed using Gaussian generalized estimating equations, two sample t-tests with false discovery rate (FDR) corrections, and principal components analysis. Methanol-fixed tissue samples and methanol extracts had a similar number of metabolites (p = 0.45, p = 0.21 in positive vs. negative ion mode). In positive ion mode, when compared to flash frozen tissue, both the methanol extract and methanol-fixed tissue (6 h) had a higher number of metabolites detected (146 additional metabolites, p(FDR) = 0.020; 149 additional metabolites, p(FDR) = 0.017; respectively), but these associations were not found in negative ion mode (all p(FDR) ≥ 0.05). Principle components analysis demonstrated separation of the metabolite features in the methanol extract, but similarity between methanol-fixed tissue and flash frozen tissue. These results show that placental tissue samples collected in 80% methanol at room temperature can yield similar metabolic data to flash frozen specimens.
Medical Subject Headings
Female; Pregnancy; Humans; Methanol; Placenta; Metabolomics; Cryopreservation; Freezing