Asking the right questions about secondhand smoke.
Klein JD, Chamberlin ME, Kress EA, Geraci MW, Rosenblatt S, Boykan R, Jenssen B, Rosenblatt SM, Milberger S, Adams WG, Goldstein AO, Rigotti NA, Hovell MF, Holm AL, Vandivier RW, Croxton TL, Young PL, Blissard L, Jewell K, Richardson L, Ostrow J, and Resnick EA. Asking the Right Questions About Secondhand Smoke. Nicotine Tob Res 2019.
Nicotine & tobacco research
INTRODUCTION: Despite knowledge about major health effects of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, systematic incorporation of SHS screening and counseling in clinical settings has not occurred.
METHODS: A three-round modified Delphi Panel of tobacco control experts was convened to build consensus on the screening questions that should be asked and identify opportunities and barriers to SHS exposure screening and counseling. The panel considered four questions: 1) what questions should be asked about SHS exposure; 2) what are the top priorities to advance the goal of ensuring that these questions are asked; 3) what are the barriers to achieving these goals; and 4) how might these barriers be overcome. Each panel member submitted answers to the questions. Responses were summarized and successive rounds were reviewed by panel members for consolidation and prioritization.
RESULTS: Panelists agreed that both adults and children should be screened during clinical encounters by asking if they are exposed or have ever been exposed to smoke from any tobacco products in their usual environment. The panel found that consistent clinician training, quality measurement or other accountability, and policy and electronic health records interventions were needed to successfully implement consistent screening.
CONCLUSIONS: The panel successfully generated screening questions and identified priorities to improve SHS exposure screening. Policy interventions and stakeholder engagement are needed to overcome barriers to implementing effective secondhand smoke screening.
IMPLICATIONS: In a modified Delphi panel, tobacco control and clinical prevention experts agreed that all adults and children should be screened during clinical encounters by asking if they are exposed or have ever been exposed to smoke from tobacco products. Consistent training, accountability, and policy and electronic health records interventions are needed to implement consistent screening. Increasing secondhand smoke screening will have a significant impact on public health and costs.
ePub ahead of print