Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2021

Publication Title

Clinics in chest medicine

Abstract

Pleural effusions (PEs) are frequently encountered in routine clinical practice, affecting more than 3000 people per million population every year. Heart and liver failures are two of the most common causes of transudative PE. Because these effusions have nonmalignant etiologies, they are commonly referred to as benign effusions despite of the poor prognosis they foretell in their refractory stages. Like malignant effusions, symptom management is important and plays a significant role in palliation when these effusions become refractory to medical therapy.

Medical Subject Headings

Heart Failure; Humans; Hydrothorax; Liver; Pleural Effusion; Pleural Effusion, Malignant

PubMed ID

34774170

Volume

42

Issue

4

First Page

625

Last Page

635

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